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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 4: Arrival in New Zealand with Boys, 1911
Date Mar-May 1911
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference RCMS 31/1/69-84, Box 1, Volume 1, Folder 4
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Correspondence and newspaper articles reviewing the reasons behind, and events of, Thomas Sedgwick's experiment. The poor working opportunities in Britain, and the potential of greater employment prospects in New Zealand are referred to continually as the main influence and rationale behind the scheme. The shortage of farm workers in New Zealand is also discussed at length. Items highlight the "evils of unemployment" and refer to the Unemployed Workmen Act, 1905. Plans to assist British youth to emigrate to Australia are also included, as are papers recording opinions of the farmers employing British boys. There is a particularly detailed letter describing the natural beauty and character of Christchurch.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places London, England; Taranaki, Wairarapa, Timaru, Christchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand; Tenerife, Spain
Ports Liverpool, England; Otago, Wellington, Auckland, New Zealand
Nationality English; European
Ships SS Authentic
People Ward, Joseph; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Cook, H Norman; Jack, E C
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, children, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, clothing, colony conditions, port, apprenticeship, politics, unemployment, economics, push factor, population, journey conditions, wages, administration, depression, immigration, assisted passage, accommodation, legislation, regulations, application, nature, town, cityscape, public services, hotel, labour union
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library