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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 21: British Immigration in Canada
Date 1912-1913
Document Type Leaflet; Newspaper; Correspondence
Reference RCMS 31/2/195-224, Box 6, Volume 2, Folder 8
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Items principally refer to the emigration of young British boys and girls to Canada as a means of escaping the unemployment crisis in Britain. Alongside advertisements of the Canadian Pacific Railway targeting prospective emigrants seeking farm labour, there are copies of related applications. There are also documents detailing eligibility criteria and regulations respecting emigrant passage on board ships travelling to Canada. Other newspaper articles report on the progress and history of British boys having emigrated to work on Colonial farms. Some items also refer to the unjust treatment of Indian immigrants in Canada.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; India
Country (to) United States of America; Canada
Places Vancouver, British Columbia, Toronto, Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Canada
Ports London, Plymouth, England; New York, United States
Nationality English; European; Scottish; Indian; Asian
Ships Warspite
People Tavernier, Sir John; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Guinness, Rupert; Dennis, J S
Keywords Canadian Pacific Railway, railway, emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, apprenticeship, unemployment, economics, push factor, population, ticket, accommodation, luggage, application, birth certificate, Cunard Line, child emigration, Salvation Army, poor law, colony, map, prairie, census, naturalisation, currency, customs, regulations
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library