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Title Sedgwick Migration Scrapbook 20: Social Reform and Training Farms
Date 1912
Document Type Pamphlet; Correspondence; Newspaper; Photograph
Publisher Information Herald Office, North Gate, Bath
Reference RCMS 31/2/163-194, Box 6, Volume 2, Folder 7
Library / Archive Cambridge University Library
Collection Name Thomas E. Sedgwick's Migration Scrapbooks, 1910-1914
Description Documents refer to the emigration of young British boys and girls to New Zealand, Australia, and Canada as a means to escape the unemployment crisis in Britain. There are pamphlets, letter and newspaper articles referring to training farms where prospective emigrants could attend and learn the skills to better prepare them for agricultural and domestic labour abroad. The training farm owned by Rupert Guinness in Woking Park, Surrey, and the Scouts' Farm, Buckhurst Place are the subject of many newspaper clippings and photographs.
Biographical Note / History In 1911 Thomas Edward Sedgwick organised for a group of 50 boys to be sent from England to New Zealand on board the S.S. Authentic before the outbreak of the First World War. They were sent as part of an experiment to ascertain whether young British boys might help alleviate a shortage of farm labourers in New Zealand and offer a solution to the declining levels of employment opportunities in the crowded British cities. They were trained in all aspects of farming life, and the wages they earnt were paid to the Labour Department while the boys were awarded weekly pocket money.
Theme(s) Responses to Immigration; Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; Canada
Places Vancouver, British Columbia, Toronto, Ontario, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada; Surrey, England; Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia, Tasmania, Australia; British Honduras; Bahamas; Panama Canal, Panama
Ports London, England; Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality English; European; Scottish
People Savage, F; Sedgwick, Thomas Edward; Ellerington, A R; Guinness, Rupert; Baden-Powell, Robert; Lee, Sir Sydney; Ward, Sir Joseph; Tavernier, Sir John; Allen, James; Fyfe, H Hamilton; Smith, J Obed; Scott, W D
Keywords emigration scheme, shipping, agriculture, farming, labour, employment, government, farm school, colony conditions, apprenticeship, unemployment, economics, push factor, population, Christianity, industrial school, education, prison, crime, poverty, clothing, welfare, history, housing, application, Young Women's Christian Association, disease, health and sickness, industry, manufacturing, livestock, steamboat, ticket, colony, colonisation
Language English
Copyright Cambridge University Library