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Title Registers of Correspondence, Orders, Statistics, etc., and Miscellaneous Register of letters to Colonial Authorities, Vol. 2
Date 7 Jan-27 Aug 1853
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/161
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Index register of miscellaneous correspondence sent to, and by, colonial authorities. The index is set out by colony and country, detailing recipients, subject matter, dates sent, and ships to which they relate. The subject matter of the letters predominantly concerns shipping, emigration and emigration agents.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Ships and Shipping Lines
Places New Brunswick, Canada; Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Western Australia, Australia; New Zealand; Jamaica; British Guiana; Trinidad; Calcutta; Sierra Leone
Ports Hong Kong, China; New York, United States
Nationality English; European
Ships Bolton; Harriet; Empire; Argyle; Meridian; Blundell; Africa; Calliope; Sea; Mooltan; Derry Castle; Bride; Priam; Elizabeth; Hercules; Garland; Bombay; Poictiers; Pekin; New Zealander; Medway; Tudor; Utopia; Boomerang; Blenheim; Neptune; Olivia; Emerald; Clara; Victory; Maori; Madras
People Buchanan, Alexander Carlisle
Keywords shipping, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, land , land sale, provisions, agent, fraud, shipping register, luggage, health and sickness, quarantine, freight, administration, death, clothing, charter, immigration agent, languages, translation, appointment
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK