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Title Original Correspondence: Despatches from Colonel Gawler
Author Gawler, Lieutenant-Colonel George
Date 28 Jun-12 Dec 1838
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/1
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Miscellaneous letters sent from Colonel Gawler regarding the arrival of ships, an offer to restore Mr Mann to the office of Advocate General, emigration to South Australia, plans to instate customs and the conditions on board the 'Pestonjee Bomanjee'.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Ships and Shipping Lines
Places Tenerife, Canary Islands
Ports Santa Cruz, California, United States; Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; Holdfast Bay, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia
Nationality European; English
Ships Pestonjee Bomanjee; Surrey; Winchester
People Light, Colonel William
Keywords steamboat, government, politics, agent, surveying, land sale, finance, business, emigrant, provisions, food, overcrowding, timber, steward, alcohol, death, customs, wages, commissionaires, accounts, negligence
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK