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Title North America Settlers and Offices, 1825
Date 5 Jan-31 Dec 1825
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/11
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Letters from prospective settlers for Canada; the majority being discharged soldiers from Irish regiments. Includes the amount of land granted to army officers by rank, letters of character and good conduct and petitions from communities in Ireland.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada
Places London, England; Quebec, Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada; Carlow, Limerick, Galway, Ireland
Ports Liverpool, England; Dublin, Cork, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish
Ships HMS Victory; HMS Grampus
People Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Peel, Robert; Taylor, Major General Sir Herbert; Lord Dalhousie (Ramsay, General George)
Keywords emigration, family, soldier, Royal Navy, army, military, passenger, land grant, petition, provisions, farming, agriculture, transport, women, children, American War of Independence, education, Napoleonic War, Chelsea Hospital, labourer, poverty, religion, Protestantism
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK