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Title North America. Settlers, 1823
Date 3 Jan-26 Dec 1823
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/9
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Letters of application from prospective settlers, including members of the army and Royal Navy on half pay and residents of Chelsea Hospital.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada
Places New Brunswick, Quebec, Canada; Newcastle, Woolwich, London, Chatham, England; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Dungannon, Armagh, Northern Ireland; Cork, Limerick, Ireland; Fort William, Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality English; Scottish; Irish
People Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Prince Frederick; Lord Dalhousie (Ramsay, General George); Peel, Robert; Taylor, Major General Sir Herbert
Keywords army, Royal Navy, children, emigration, assisted emigration, government, colony, land grant, soldier, sailor, agriculture, family, Protestantism, poverty, injury, labourer, pensions, farming, petition, Chelsea Hospital
Additional Information Document includes lists of passenger names.
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK