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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 701-1300
Date Jun-Oct 1847
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/54
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters of application made to directors of the New Zealand Company by agricultural labourers and other tradesmen and their families wishing to emigrate to New Zealand, with many seeking free and assisted passage. Many include papers relative to expenses required for setting up a farming business in colonies such as Nelson, offer advice to prospective emigrants travelling with limited means, and describe colony conditions and lifestyle in detail. There are letters referring to land claims, orders, and re-adjustment of plots in the New Zealand colonies (particularly Wellington and Nelson), many of which are written by emigrants having purchased land before arrival in the colonies and now finding their land rights contested by Māori peoples denying any sale of tribal lands. There are also letters relating to the Royal Charter of Incorporation issued by the Queen to the New Zealand Company, and the New Zealand Company's dealing with the Nanto-Bordelaise Company. The financial affairs of the Company is another dominant theme throughout these letters, with many referring to the settlement of commercial accounts. There are also several printed adverts of commercial companies exporting and trading in timber, waterproof clothing, flax, and sail cloth etc. Printed articles on the public sale of "Colonial Wool" also feature, as do notices relating to property and income tax between 1848-1849 in London.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Taunton, Liverpool, Hull, Gloucester, London, England; Whanganui, Cook Strait, Otago, New Zealand; Paris, France; Wales; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Tasmania, Port Phillip, Melbourne, Australia; Edinburgh, Scotland
Ports Wellington, Auckland, New Plymouth, New Zealand; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality English; European; Welsh; Māori; Scottish
Ships Ralph Bernal; Victoria; Indian; Prince George; John Wickliffe; Philip Laing
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Keith, Augustus; Donlan, J J; Marsh, James; Munson, John; Brown, Captain George; Arthur, Captain Mac; Macdonell, Captain Randal; Crozier, Captain William; Cowell, John M; Lord Howick (Grey, Henry)(1802-1894); Collins, John H; Wakefield, Edward Jenningham; Baring, Francis; Hancock, Thomas; Wakefield, Arthur; Langlois, Jean-François ; Terry, James; Beit, John; Wright, John; Clay, Henry
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, banking, passage money, museum, timber, commerce, advertisement, trade, furniture, weather, climate, farming, business, expenses, livestock, agriculture, free passage, industry, food, colony conditions, travel, army, family, poverty, surveying, plantation, indigenous people, employment, surgeon, ship owner, charter, accounts, clothing, manufacturing, inventions, wool, clergy, Christianity, Church of England, steamboat, loan, fire, orphan, flax, court, death, law, Union Bank of Australia, debt, Nanto-Bordelaise Company, tax, property, wages, Board of Trade, return passage, labour, whaling, fishing and fishermen, Lloyds, shipping register, sanitation, assessment of ships, immigration agent, medical staff, health and sickness
Language English; French
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK