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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 6001-6500
Date Oct-Nov 1841
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/21
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters mainly relaying applications made to emigrate to colonies in New Zealand as well as embarkation orders, to the directors of the New Zealand Company. Some letters refer to the conditions on board emigrant vessels, charges for steerage, valuations of their freights and the over-loading of them. Several letters discuss land orders and allotments of lands in New Zealand to be sold, noting the market value of such, and prospective purchasers. The emigration of unmarried women is also a common theme of these letters, with many discussing orders of linen being transported to make clothing for them and conjecturing as to the sorts of employment they might find in the colonies. There are passenger lists of emigrants on board various ships, but also lists of emigrants remaining at British depots following the departure of vessels. There are printed enclosures referring to the business of the West England Board of the New Zealand Company and listing in tables sections of town lands to be sold in New Plymouth by their numerical references. One printed pamphlet, "Information Regarding New Zealand", sets out detailed information relative to the locations, climate, geology and trade points. There is also a printed copy of the Company's "Summary of Regulations for Free Emigration" and comparative statement setting out the differing amount of wages and provisions in England and New Zealand.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; United States of America
Places London, Manchester, England; Nelson, Britannia, Auckland, New Zealand; Tasmania, Australia; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada; Glasgow, Scotland
Ports New Plymouth, Wellington, New Zealand; Plymouth, Liverpool, Southampton, England
Nationality English; European; Māori
Ships Bolton; Timandra; Clifton; Martha Ridgway; Oriental; Amelia Thompson; London; William Bryan; Mary Ann; Platina; Glenbervie; Fifeshire; Lord Auckland; Slains Castle; Lady Nugent
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Forbes, George C; Woollcombe, Thomas; Wakefield, William Hayward; Bridges, William; Byrnes, P W; Harrison, William; Somes, Joseph; Baring, Francis; Gill, Thomas; Cooper, John Henry; Wakefield, Captain Arthur
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, shipping, administration, finance, agent, climate, land, publishing, family, children, women, free passage, marriage, passage money, steerage, charter, surveying, surveying, health and sickness, freight, provisions, water, luggage, law, tax, repairs, employment, surgeon, medical staff, settlement, female emigration, clothing, textiles, mechanics, infrastructure, education, construction, allotments, land sale, market, cartography, labourer, emigrant selection, skilled emigration, accounts, company shares, town planning, flax, export, accommodation, furniture, compensation, science, indigenous people, manufacturing, civil rights, passenger lists, apprenticeship, disease, contract, expenses, expansion, passage broker, engineering, regulations, small pox, industry
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK