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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 5501-6000
Date Oct 1841
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/20
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Applications and letters made to emigrate to the New Zealand and Australian colonies. Many of the applicants are agricultural labourers, surveyors, construction workers and their families. There are also embarkation orders and passenger lists noting the ages and sexes of emigrants. Several letter refer to the wreck of the 'Tory' in the China seas. There are also letters transmitting and referring to applications made by those desiring free passage to the New Zealand and Australian colonies, or assistance with passage fees. Other letters refer to applications for company shares. A printed copy of the forms to be completed by such persons is also included here, along with an advertisement promoting the ship designs of Thomas White. There is a printed notice relaying the voyages of the 'William Sharples' and 'Sir Charles Henry's, due to be despatched from Liverpool on 15 and 25 of October 1841, along with an article relaying market statistics and other "News from New South Wales". Also included are adverts promoting the publication of Richard Hodgskin Junior's letters and journal extracts shedding light on settlements in New Zealand, "the Climate, Habits, Customs, Character &c." there.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records. There is also a list of all London newspapers encouraging emigration via advertisements.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; United States of America
Places London, Taunton, England; Nelson, New Zealand; New South Wales, Sydney, Adelaide, Australia; Edinburgh, Scotland; Dublin, Ireland
Ports New Plymouth, Wellington, New Zealand; Port Phillip, Victoria, Australia; Liverpool, England; New York City, United States; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Boston, Massachusetts, Baltimore, Maryland, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States; Quebec, Montreal, St John's, Newfoundland, Canada
Nationality English; Irish; European
Ships Birman; Two Sisters; Tory; London; Martha Ridgway; John McVicar; Brougham; Timandra; Mary Ann; Sir Charles Napier; William Sharples; Clifton; Bolton
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Byrnes, P W; Bevan, J; White, Thomas; Hodgskin, Richard Jr; Jones, Thomas; Alston, H F
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, education, shipping, finance, agent, skilled emigration, labourer, allotments, land, newspaper, advertisement, administration, freight, free passage, women, children, family, surveying, employment, settlement, passenger list, hospital, climate, shipwreck, banking, business, health and sickness, surgeon, medical staff, property, emigrant selection, ship owner, clothing, debt, surveying, company shares, land sale, passage broker, wages, farming, agriculture, steerage, economics, publishing, clergy, steamboat, navy, army, trade, merchant, inventions, food, social class, provisions, coffee, unmarried, mechanics, government, lodging house, apprenticeship, luggage, pensioners, advice literature, ship building, market, merchant, industry, timber, animals
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK