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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 2001-3500
Author Reid, Peter; Roberts, D; Rait, Walker; Robin, George; Ryland, Arthur; Campbell, James; Roberts, Richard; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Reeves, Orlando; Knowles, William; Stewart, John; Saxton, Charles; Yates, R B; Atkinson, Joseph
Date Feb-Aug 1841
Document Type Correspondence; Shipping Papers
Reference CO 208/15
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Several letters, most of which are addressed to the Chairman and Board of Directors of the New Zealand Company. Many refer to strategies to encourage land surveyors, agricultural and industrial labourers deemed "the most valuable colonists" to emigrate to New Zealand. Likewise, there are also letters discussing attempts to encourage the emigration of wealthy British families who might purchase Crown lands in New Zealand. Many letters comprise of applications made to emigrate to New Zealand, detailing applicants' marital status, employment, social class, sum and means of affording the fee for passage. The financial depression hitting markets throughout Great Britain are referenced in several instances as motivation for emigration applications. Also included is a copy of a royal patent for 'Pocock's Patent Asphalte Sheathing' (felt to be shipped to the New Zealand colonies), and on the reverse is printed an advert for 'Free Passage from Liverpool to New South Wales". There is also a printed copy of 'Testimonials, in favour of Dr William Mackie Turnbull, licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, member of the Edinburgh Obstetrical Society'.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales; Dublin, Ireland; Glasgow, Scotland; Newton Abbot, Devon, Bristol, Wolverhampton, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Oxford, Leeds, Manchester, Cheltenham, London, England; Paris, France; Porirua, Auckland, Nelson, New Zealand; Port Phillip, New South Wales, Adelaide, Australia
Ports Plymouth, Taunton, Liverpool, England; Wellington, New Zealand
Nationality English; Scottish; French; Irish; European
Ships Gertrude; Arab; Lady Leigh; Tory; Lady Nugent; Katherine Stuart Forbes; Martha Ridgway; Lloyds; Biscuit; London; Platina; Britannia; Blenheim; Prince Rupert; Cuba; Aurora; Martha Jane; Mail
People Ward, John; David, Ramsay; Robinson, George; Alston, H F; Rule, John; Reynolds, W G; Marshall, John; Campbell, Charles; Reid, Peter; Duke of Argyll (Campbell, George); Roberts, D; Rait, Walker; Robin, George; Ryland, Arthur; Campbell, James; Ritchie, Thomas; Roberts, Richard; Baron Petre (Francis, William Henry, 1793-1850); Bullock, George; Reeves, Orlando; Knowles, William; Knight, Thomas J; Oman, William; Leathes, John H; Lye, B Leigh; Stephens, David E; Somes, Joseph; Saxton, Edward; Stokes, John; Saxton, Charles; Turnbull, Dr William Mackie; Inglis, Archibald; Simpson, James Y; Furgusson, William; Mercer, James; Handyside, P D; Weir, Graham; Scott, W; Dymock, Archibald; Cowan, James; Jackson, Alex; Pack, John G; Kerr, Daniel; Yates, R B; Atkinson, Joseph
Keywords land, administration, New Zealand Company, emigration, colony, advertisement, government, newspaper, land sale, family, bounty emigration, death, social class, agriculture, labourer, employment, livestock, literature, women, emigration scheme, skilled emigration, employment, surgeon, health and sickness, agent, passage money, unmarried, application, education, regulations, railway, industry, finance, priest, religion, shipping, convict, army, ship owner, surveying, steerage, cargo, law, finance, economics, trade, depression, push factors, commerce, market, water, provisions, merchant, banking, postal service, destitution, construction, housing, business, railway, property, clothing, food, provisions, farming, steerage, climate, Passengers' Act, passenger list, wool, advice literature, town planning, Church of England, Christianity, allotments, marriage, carpenter, construction, banking, insurance, hotel, East India Company, cartography, clergy
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK