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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 1601-2000
Date Jul-Sep 1848
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/60
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters of application for free passage to emigrate to New Zealand settlements following the public dispersal of advertisements in national newspapers. Applications and letters are sent by skilled labourers, mechanics and carpenters seeking employment in the colonies and settlement with their families. The depression of trade and English markets are often noted as a push factor influencing many of the applications. The succession of land orders, the organisation and payment for plots in settlements such as Otago, Wellington and Nelson are also the theme of many letters. Enquiries are made into luggage allowances, purchasing land on arrival etc. There are also letters relating to disputes between the New Zealand Company and the North German Missionary Society over their purchase of "accommodation land" that was often flooded and therefore not suitable for agricultural purposes, including attempts to gain compensation. Negotiations and grievances between the New Zealand Company and the French over lands, territorial rights and company shares are also referred to in several letters. There is a printed item noting the technology of Gilmore's new air funnels designed for ship ventilation.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Wellington, New Zealand; Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; Bordeaux, France
Ports Port Nelson, Otago, New Zealand; London, Plymouth, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Hamburg, Germany
Nationality English; European; French; German
Ships Nelson; Ajax; John Wickliffe; Bernicia; Blundell; Duke of Portland
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Garrissen, George C; Becker, Gattfried G F; Bell, Francis Dillon; Cooper, Daniel; Fowler, F T
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, carpenter, labourer, social class, family, women, economics, mechanics, labour, free passage, unmarried, farming, property, passage money, luggage, missionaries, religion, contract, North German Missionaries Society, agriculture, purchase agreement, compensation, flood, climate, geology, livestock, wool, trade, commerce, advertisement, newspaper, employment, demographics, agent, treaty, company shares, business, push factors, accounts, surgeon, servant, wages, government, advice literature, travel guide, societies, freight, law, industry, inventions, ship ventilation
Language English; French
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK