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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 1-700
Date Jan-Jun 1847
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference CO 208/53
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Papers and correspondence refer to the New Plymouth transfer orders of tracts of land and applications to emigrate to colonies in New Zealand over those in Canada. There are letters sent enquiring whether titles of land purchased by emigrants on their arrival in New Zealand are guaranteed by the English government, and whether free passage is still being granted to labourers and mechanics. There are also several letters referring to reports and accounts of poor passenger conditions, insufficiency of water and bad treatment from the captain of emigrant vessel 'Ralph Bernal'. Other letters refer regularly to surveys, charts and maps made of Cooks Strait, Otago, and the publication of these. There are several letters referring to employment of medical staff and surgeons on board migrant vessels, with some asking the Company to grant a gratuity to all medical staff employed on future ships for cabin and living expenses. A list of "Specimens of Wood forwarded from New Zealand" is also enclosed amongst various letters discussing the colonial timber industry and decisions of timber brokers to use such wood for construction, particularly on railways. There is also a series of printed letters documenting approval of the "re-adjustment of the selection of Nelson lands", and copies of accommodation plans of the 'Ralph Bernal'. A copy of 'The London Gazette', no. 20729, dated 30 April 1847 is also included here in which there are articles relative to the Company and meetings arranged by them to consider "the adoption of certain very important arrangements for the future conduct of the Company's affairs".
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Auckland, Taranaki, Otago, Cook Strait, New Zealand; Canada; France; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Germany; Monmouthshire, Wales
Ports New Plymouth, Wellington, Nelson, New Zealand; Gravesend, Southampton, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Glasgow, Scotland
Nationality English; European; French; Irish
Ships John Bartlett; Madras; Ralph Bernal; Slains Castle; Kate; Protector; Prince of Wales
People Lachlan, George; Willis, Henry H; Tattershall, F G; Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Wakefield, E Jennigham; Willis, Joseph; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Gibson, John; Fox, William; Torlesse, Charles O; Spain, William; Ramsden, J; Irving, William; Scott, David; Joseph, Jacob; Beit, John N; Maclaren, Captain George
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, property, charter, ship owner, advertisement, cargo, tax, journey conditions, surgeon, banking, water, passenger, food, provisions, coffee, rum, passage broker, passage money, children, business, regulations, commerce, colony conditions, resources, fare, steerage, medical staff, coal, labour, employment, industry, literature, surveying, company shares, free passage, labourer, mechanics, cartography, navigation, export, import, customs, statistics, timber, construction, railway, agriculture, law, wages, wine, passenger list, accommodation
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK