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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 1-400
Date Dec 1847 - Mar 1848
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/56
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Mostly letters of application made to directors of the New Zealand Company by agricultural labourers, craftsmen, surgeons and families wishing to emigrate to New Zealand. Most state their credentials and enquire into bounty or free passage eligibility, as well as requesting advice literature, relevant forms and regulation information. There are also letters sent by Scottish and Australian banks relative to the closing of individual accounts and the financial affairs of the Company. A range of correspondence also relates to land orders and sales and there are also letters and printed items relative to the trial and qualities of William Burnett's solution of chloride or zinc, which was to be used as a disinfectant on board emigrant vessels. Other letters refer to plans to make land in New Zealand appear more inviting to capitalists in order to improve the financial affairs of the Company by means of creating more grazing lands for sale. There is also a printed copy of Edwin Ward's advice manual, entitled "England; her colonies; her superabundant population. A Few Suggestions", as printed by Mr. M Burgess, Walworth, 1848.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia
Places Otago, Auckland, New Plymouth, Nelson, New Zealand; Edinburgh, Scotland; Paris, France; Cork, Dublin, Ireland; Mumbai, India
Ports Wellington, New Zealand; Greenock, Scotland; London, Liverpool, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English; European; Scottish; French; Irish; German
Ships Philip Laing; Victoria; Victory; Elora; Agnes Ewing; Tory; Mandarin; John Wickliffe; Blundell
People Harrington, Thomas Cudbert; Bridges, James; Burnett, William; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Hamilton, J W; Ward, Edward; Robinson, C B; Wakefield, William; Stewart, Robert; Fitzroy, Governor Charles Augustus
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, banking, debt, accounts, medical staff, employment, admiralty, law, advertisement, ship owner, regulations, admiralty, navy, inventions, wages, labourer, advice literature, travel guide, surgeon, freight, trade, merchant, agriculture, livestock, economics, government, squatting, industry, factory, company shares, commerce, medicine, travel, clothing, commissionaires, carpenter, labour, regulations, hospital, port, literature, publishing, geology, mutiny, passage money, religion, Church of England, Christianity, wages, court, property, purchase agreement, journey conditions, health and sickness, newspaper, East India Company, commodities
Language English; French
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK