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Title New Zealand Company, Original Correspondence. General, Folio 1-300
Date Jan-Feb 1845
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/46
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters sent to Directors of the New Zealand Company, mostly enquiring into opportunities to emigrate to New Zealand and the processes, expenses and possibility of obtaining free passage. There are various letters referring to the sale and transfer of Crown lands in New Zealand, as well as efforts made to revive the "Scotch Colony" in New Edinburgh. Printed advertisements can also be found listing details of sales to be held where colonial exports could be purchased, along with lists of company agents in the home counties. A petition of the merchants, bankers and traders of London to the British Parliament is included complaining about injustices drawn from a published report enquiring into "the state of New Zealand and the proceedings of the New Zealand Company".
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) New Zealand; Australia; United States of America
Places Nelson, Auckland, New Zealand; Tasmania, Australia; Tahiti, Windward Islands; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Belfast, Ireland
Ports New Plymouth, Wellington, New Zealand; London, Liverpool, England; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English; European; Scottish; Australian Aborigine; Irish
Ships George Fyfe; Bella Marina; Louisa Campbell
People Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Ward, John; Harington, Thomas Cudbert; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Fox, J W; Barrow, Sir John; Harington, J B
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, social class, land, land sale, finance, trade, commerce, merchant, accommodation, freight, railway, climate, clothing, agent, medical staff, family, free passage, surveying, business, export, church, religion, settlement, law, indigenous people, labour, agriculture, finance, accounts, company shares, government, Great Western Railway, railway, surgeon, steerage, prison, return passage, provisions, livestock, passage broker, labourer, pull factors, food, water, disease, navy, administration
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK