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Title New Zealand Company, Correspondence. Wellington Original Despatches, 1849/B
Date Jul-Dec 1849
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference CO 208/108
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters predominantly sent or received by William Fox, Agent of the New Zealand Company in Wellington. Many letters refer to the Company's negotiations to purchase leases, pasture and 'waste' lands of the Wairarapa district of New Zealand from local Māori. Letters discuss the geology of land in Wellington and the importance of expanding such lands and increasing produce there for the continued prosperity of the settlement. Legal disputes, arbitration and costs incurred by the Company's land sales are also referred to within several letters. Advertisements issued in British newspapers encouraging relatives of emigrants already settled in New Zealand to apply to emigrate are present, including copies of the 'Wellington Independent' featuring adverts. Land transfers and purchase agreements between the Company and British proprietors are mentioned, along with letters detailing passengers on board the 'Cornwall' barque, noting information of deaths, births, the number of passengers in each form of accommodation and the number landed at New Plymouth, Nelson, Wellington and Otago. Lists of other emigrants applying for assisted passage to New Zealand can also be found here. A copy of a 'Report of the Proceedings of a Trial in the Supreme Court at Auckland', 1848, is included, as is a document detailing Crown Title Bills for "quieting titles to land in the province of New Ulster". Expense statements relative to the settlement of Wellington are also included.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Places Wairarapa, Auckland; Canterbury, Otago, Cooks Straight, New Ulster, New Zealand
Ports Wellington, New Plymouth, Port Underwood, Nelson, New Zealand
Nationality English; European; Māori; Irish; Scottish
Ships Mariner; Cornwall; Larkins; Kelso
People Fox, William; Bell, Sir Francis Dillon; Donnett, Alfred; Grey, Sir George; McDonald, Alexander; Tod, Robert; Johnston, John; Constable, Joseph; Scott, David; King, John; Lewis, David; Bryce, Hugh; Peterson, Peter; Monleith, George Dalyrumple; Wilkinson, David; Kelham, James
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, accounts, purchase agreement, squatting, indigenous people, chief, commissionaires, rent, newspaper, harbour, trade, expansion, town planning, agriculture, farming, natural resources, geology, timber, advertisement, army, expenditure, exploration, surveying, charter, passenger, cargo, steerage, demographics, statistics, death, birth, land grant, law, legal representation, expenses
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK