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Title New Zealand Company, Correspondence. Wellington Original Despatches, 1848/A-B
Date Jan-Dec 1848
Document Type Correspondence; Newspaper
Reference CO 208/106
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description Letters predominantly sent or received by William Fox, Principal Agent of the New Zealand Company in 1848, and James Kelham acting in his stead. Correspondence and enclosures relate to the financial affairs, accounts and land affairs of the New Zealand Company at this time. Frequent references are made to the company's efforts to raise revenue, recover debts and deal with compensation claims. Surveys made of the southern provinces are noted in several letters, as are transfers of land order and the issue of land grants. Many letters refer to negotiations held with the Māori for the sale and cession of their lands, with Governor Grey noted as having been afforded management of such affairs and applying for the necessary crown grants. The sale of Banks Peninsula to the French is also noted in letters here. Certain lands are noted as being granted to surveying cadets having arrived in the 'Brougham'. The death of Colonel Wakefield is discussed. A copy of the New Zealand Government Gazette for the Province of New Muster (Vol, 1, No. 21) is also included here and records news of the time alongside reports of criminal and civil cases heard at the magistrates court in Wellington. Descriptions of the cases are listed, alongside the nationality of the participants. The greatest amount of civil cases occurred between British settlers and the Māori inhabitants.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Places Nelson, Otago, Banks Peninsula, Canterbury, Akaroa, Wanganui, New Zealand; Mumbai, India
Ports Auckland, Wellington, Port Cooper, New Zealand; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; London, England
Nationality English; European; Māori; Scottish
Ships Tory; Victory; Brougham; Woodstock; Fly; Bernicia
People Kelham, James; Wakefield, William Hayward; Fox, William; Bell, Francis Dillon; Young, John; Grey, George; Eyre, E; Lewis, David; Allom, Albert; Spain, William; Swainson, William; Scott, David; Gibrone, William; Kettle, Charles; Wakefield, Edward Gibbon; Ormond, J D
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, surveying, wages, expenditure, border, newspaper, purchase agreement, livestock, steamboat, travel, coal, compensation, law, indigenous people, squatting, charter, loan, expenses, provisions, freight, accounts, commissionaires, property, languages, agriculture, timber, medicine, supplies, alcohol, death, colony conditions, labour, debt, court, law, legislation, crime, conflict
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK