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Title New Zealand Company, Correspondence. Wellington Original Despatches, 1846
Date Jan-Dec 1846
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 208/104
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name New Zealand Company Original Correspondence, etc.
Description The letters are predominantly sent or received by William H. Wakefield, Principal Agent of the New Zealand Company in 1846 and relate to the legal and financial affairs of the New Zealand Company, referring to land transfers, grants and orders. There is a manuscript table showing the statement of notices of transfers received by Wakefield from August 1839 to 16 December 1845. The Company's claim to lands in Port Nicholson is commonly referred to throughout, with many noting reports and surveys of land made to ascertain proportions that may be granted as compensation to the local Māori. There is mention of hostilities amongst the British settlers and the Māori, and the Wairau Massacre in particular is noted within these letters.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence and entry books of the New Zealand Company which were handed over to the Colonial Office after the surrender of the company's charters in 1850. Also included are minutes, accounts, registers of emigrants and land transfer records.
Biographical Note / History The New Zealand Company was a chartered company formed in 1839 and incorporated in 1841 with power to buy, sell, settle and cultivate land in New Zealand. It did not prove a satisfactory agency for colonising New Zealand and was induced to surrender its charters in 1850. It was finally dissolved in 1858.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) New Zealand
Places Auckland, New Zealand; Hobart Town, Tasmania, Australia
Ports Wellington, Wanganui, New Zealand; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English; European; Māori
Ships Racehorse; Castor; Brougham
People Spain, William; Wakefield, William Hayward; Clarke, George; Swainson, William; Scott, David; Wakefield, Arthur; Grey, George; Goldsmith, Isaac Lyon; Hunter, George; Smith, David; Fitzgerald, Edward
Keywords New Zealand Company, emigrant, emigration, emigration scheme, colony, colonisation, application, assisted emigration, bounty emigration, finance, land sale, allotments, land, agent, administration, shipping, settlement, compensation, indigenous people, newspaper, surveying, border, law, crime, prisoner, steamboat, murder, Wairau Massacre, conflict, newspaper, advertisement, trade, commodities, lodging house, accommodation, accounts, flax, commerce, manufacturing, export, chief, army, freight
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK