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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. North America, 1867-1876
Author Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen
Date 27 Jan 1867 - 26 May 1876
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/86
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters, mostly addressed to Sir Thomas Frederick Elliot, some for the attention of the Secretary of State for the Colonies. The correspondence covers the land claims and the sale of land in Canada, differences between British, German and United States regulation of migrant ships, colonial legislation, relations with the US, including disputed claims to several small islands, the loss of ships, illness on board migrant ships, and the carrying of cargo on migrant vessels. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Ireland; Great Britain; Germany; China
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places London, England; Kansas, California, United States; Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Labrador, Canada; Bermuda
Ports Guangzhou, Hong Kong, China; Glasgow, Scotland; New York, New Orleans, United States; Hamburg, Germany; Liverpool, Plymouth, England
Nationality English; Irish; German; European; Scottish; Chinese; Asian
People Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Richard); Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Thornton, Sir Edward
Keywords land sale, land sale, land price, artisan, mining, shipping, diplomacy, regulations, administration, legislation, shipwreck, fever, victualling, customs, cargo, agent
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK