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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Mediterranean, Ceylon, Hong Kong, Labuan, Falkland Islands, Straits Settlements, 1867-1872
Author Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Walcott, Stephen; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick
Date 31 Jul 1867 - 28 Dec 1871
Document Type Correspondence; Financial Papers
Reference CO 386/112
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of out-letters, mostly addressed to Sir Frederic Rogers, covering the rent and sale of properties in the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar and Malta, the regulation of Chinese 'coolie' migration, coal mining and the demand for labour in Labuan, and various financial questions. An index is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions
Country (from) China
Country (to) Peru; United States; Malaysia; Suriname; British Guiana; Hawaii
Places Labuan, Straits Settlements, Malaysia; California, United States
Ports Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Macao, Shantou, China
Nationality Chinese; Asian
Ships Italia
People Rogers, Sir Frederic; Merivale, Herman; Duke of Buckingham and Chandos (Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, Richard); Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); MacDonnell, Sir Richard Graves
Keywords agriculture, farming, livestock, artisan, land sale, land price, land grant, land, finance, money, emigration, legislation, litigation, mining, coolie, indentured labour, labourer, labour, journey conditions, regulations, agent, administration, health and sickness, sanitation, surgeon, food, victualling, surveying, army, legislature, diplomacy, death, disease, overcrowding, shipping
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK