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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters to the Colonial Office. Cape of Good Hope, Sierra Leone, St Helena, Natal, Gambia, Gold Coast, 1859-1866
Date 18 Jan 1859 - 27 Dec 1966
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/108
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Letters refer to claims of land and land grants, and to recently passed legislation such as the Immigration Act and amendments to the Mauritius Law of 1887. This item features an index at the back.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Ships and Shipping Lines
Country (from) India; Mauritius; South Africa; Gambia
Country (to) South Africa; Australia; Jamaica
Places Cape of Good Hope, Natal, South Africa; Gambia; Sierra Leone; St Helena; British Guiana; Mauritius; England; West Indies
Nationality Australian; English; European; German; African; Afro-Caribbean
Ships Persia; Mary Ann; Hanover; Ceres; Brooklin; Philomel; Ranger; Clarendon
People Merivale, Herman (1806-1874); Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Rogers, Frederick
Keywords agriculture, colony, colonisation, emigration, emigration scheme, surgeon, shipping, employment, religion, shipwreck, passenger, land, sailors, legislation, border, indigenous people, immigration, application, Christianity, charter, finance, rent, crown lands, tax, customs, Board of Trade, soldier, indentured labour, forced migration, passage money, allotments, chief, foreign policy, regulations, agriculture, cotton, charter, slavery, housing, poverty, freight
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK