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Title Entry-Books of Correspondence: Letters from the South Australian Association, 1834-1835
Author Gouger, Robert
Date 29 Aug 1834 - 6 Apr 1835
Document Type Correspondence
Reference CO 386/11
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name Colonial Office: Land and Emigration Commission, etc.
Description Copies of letters sent on behalf of the provisional South Australia Commission by Robert Gouger, in reply to queries regarding emigration to South Australia and the membership of the commission. Correspondents include clergy and MPs; a partial index of names is included at the end of the volume.
Series Description This series contains original correspondence, entry books and registers of the Agent General for Emigration, the South Australian Commissioners and the Land and Emigration Commission. Amongst the miscellaneous contents are registers of births and deaths of emigrants at sea 1854-1869, lists of ships chartered 1847-1875, registers of surgeons appointed 1854-1894, and volumes of The Colonial Gazette 1838-1842.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities which were both under the supervision of the Secretary of State. These were the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia, established under an Act of 1834, and the Agent General for Emigration, appointed in 1837. The new commission dealt with grants of land, the outward movement of settlers, the administration of the Passengers' Acts of 1855 and 1863 and, from 1846 to 1859, the scrutiny of colonial legislation. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. In 1873 the administration of the Passengers' Acts was transferred to the Board of Trade. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 its only duties were the control of the importation of Indian indentured labour into sugar-producing colonies and it was abolished in 1878.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Motives for Emigration; Colonisation Companies and Emigration Societies
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Australia
Places South Australia, Australia
Nationality English; European; Scottish
People Grote, George; Torrens, Robert; Ward, H G; Duke of Wellington; Bulwer, Henry Lytton; Younger, Robert; Earl of Aberdeen; Montefiore, Jacob; Gouger, Robert; Spring Rice, Thomas; Norman, Richard
Keywords emigration, politics, politics, administration, application, clergy, labour, labourer, fare, land, land price, female emigration, child migration, assisted emigration, agriculture, religion, shipping
Language English
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK