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Title Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1889. Volume 1. Despatches (Except British Guiana and Trinidad)
Date 5 Jan-21 Dec 1889
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/172
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of despatches from the Colonies regarding the movement of indentured labourers. There are documents relating to surgeon superintendents and protectors of immigrants including their housing allowances, pensions, and appointments. Ordinances and reports are also included in this volume.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) China; India; Great Britain
Country (to) China; Sri Lanka; Seychelles; Singapore; Malaysia; Australia; Fiji, Jamaica; Barbados St Lucia; Dominica; South Africa; Canada; British Honduras; St Helena; Malta; Belize;
Places Negapatam, India; Queensland, Australia; Capetown, South Africa; Newfoundland, Canada; Selangor, Sungai Ujong, Malaysia; Kingston, Jamaica
Ports Hong Kong, China; Calcutta, Madras, India; Natal, South Africa
Nationality African, Indian, Chinese
People de la Mare, F; Hodgson, T A; Stone, Dr; Hastings, Captain; Hughes, Captain; Galgery, Dr; O'Malley, Edward L; Lord Knutsford (Holland, Lord Henry Thurstan); Hennessy, Sir J Pope
Keywords remigration, ordinance, labour, indentured labour, labourer, Coolie, reports, wages, finances, death, pension, agent, law, medicine, medical officer, report, provisions, factory, industry, retirement, salary, debt, murder, health, sickness, legislation, marriage, child migration, poverty, assisted emigration, convicts, salary, execution, vagrant, vaccination, quarantine, factory, debt, harbour
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 2. Despatches British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 4. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK