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Title Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Agents (Except Agents in India)
Date 6 Jan-15 Dec 1888
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/170
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of correspondence and documents relating to emigration between the East and West Indies, Chinese emigration into North America, and the Crofter Colonization Scheme, which involved the migration of Scottish people to Canada and Australia. There are a lot of documents that focus on the remigration of indentured Indian labourers and shipping technologies, such as ventilation systems, collapsible boats and water pumps.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) Switzerland; Germany; United Kingdom; China; India; Holland
Country (to) Mexico; New Caledonia; Singapore; Malaysia; Sandwich Islands; British Guiana; Mauritius; Canada; New Zealand; Jamaica; Grenada; Trinidad; Australia; South Africa
Places Toronto, Canada; Berlin, Germany; Bengal, India; London, England; Melbourne, Victoria, South Australia, Australia
Ports Hong Kong, China; Madras, Calcutta, India; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Swiss; Chinese; German; Indian; Dutch
Ships St Kilda; British Nation; Sheila; Foyle; British Peer; Elbe; Ganges
People Marquis of Salisbury (Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert); Viscount Cross (Cross, Sir Richard Assheton); Gorst, John E; Wingfield, Edward; Holland, Lord Knutsford (Holland, Lord Henry Thurstan); Price, J F; Rees, W L; Pere, W I; Bell, J D; Goschen, George J; Ommanney, Sir Montagu Frederick; Nourse, James
Keywords Emigration Agencies, sanitation, machinery, marriage, ordinance, technology, Coolie, indentured labour, labour, government, parliament, audit, accounts, finance, ventilation, immigration report, hospital, soldiers pensions, crofter, agriculture, disability, deaf, state-directed emigration, child migration, assisted emigration, religion, Catholicism, poverty, prison, crime, surgeon's report, medical officer, quarantine, death, money, shipping, provisions, law, prison, nurse, remigration, telegram
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 4. Agents in India, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK