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Title Emigration General, 1856. Public Offices and Individuals, Volume 2
Date 21 Dec 1855 - 9 Jan 1857
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/97
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices regarding emigration to Australia and other British colonies. Most material details the accounts and expenses of the emigration officials such as cash advances and penalties, and individual applications for assisted passages to Australia. Also included are letters regarding German emigration, and a number of complaints by and against emigrants. Includes passenger lists.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany; Belgium; France
Country (to) United States of America; Canada; Australia; New Zealand
Places Tahiti, Windward Islands; Havre le Grace, France; Antwerp, Belgium; Leipzig, Dresden, Hamburg, Germany; Newfoundland, Canada; Victoria, Australia
Ports Liverpool; England
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; German; French; Belgian
Ships Julia Ann; Mary & Raleigh
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Baron Taunton (Labouchere, Henry)
Keywords Black Ball Line, military, shipwreck, expenditure, penalty, relief, assisted emigration
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration General, 1856. Emigration Board, Volume 1
Printed Documents in this Volume The Immigration of 1855
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK