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Title Emigration General, 1855. Public Offices and Individuals. Volume 2
Date 9 Jan-30 Dec 1855
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/95
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices regarding emigration from the United Kingdom, including material containing details about emigration officer's and commissioner's accounts, salaries, expenses, reports and audits. Also includes material on the treatment of German emigrants in English ports, much material on cholera outbreaks and the resulting costs, reports on emigrant numbers, correspondence on US laws on emigration and violations and amendments of the Passengers' Act.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain; Germany; France
Country (to) Canada; United States of America; Argentina; Australia; New Zealand
Places Stuttgart, Hanover, Germany; Paris, France; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Dublin, Cork, Ireland; Boston, United States; London, Cornwall, England; Queenstown, New Zealand
Ports Liverpool, Plymouth, England; Greenock, Scotland; Galway, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; German; French
Ships Diomede; Bramble; Prague; Ramillies; Romney; Lucent; Seuvin; Inconstant; John; Eliza; Trident; Conway
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Peel, Sir Frederick; Grey, Sir George; Baron Taunton (Labouchere, Henry)
Keywords Liverpool Shipowners Association, poor law, land sales, cholera, sickness, health, hospital, Foundling Hospital, Passengers' Act, expenses, accounts
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration General, 1885. Land Board, Volume 1
Printed Documents in this Volume An Act to Regulate the Carriage of Passengers in Steamships and Other Vessels
Mr. H. Smith Evans
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK