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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration) 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 2. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: Trinidad. Offices and Companies
Date 24 Jan 1894 - 30 Mar 1896
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/192
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches from Trinidad, the West Indies in general and the East. Includes detailed discussions over the recruitment of labourers for German East Africa, the case of F. Sawyer, sailmaker on the ship 'Jura', amendments to emigration laws and the wages of Indian labourers on plantations.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) India; China; Australia
Country (to) Trinidad; United States of America; Tanzania; Singapore; Malaysia; Paraguay; Canada; Fiji; St Lucia; British Guiana; South Africa; Mauritius
Places Newfoundland, Canada; Macao, China
Ports Madras, Calcutta, India; Honolulu, Hawaii, United States; Hong Kong, China; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Australian; Galician
Ships Hereford; Foyle; Rhone; Rhine; Main; Avon
People Alcazar, H A; Mitchell, Charles Bullen Hugh; Napier Broome, Sir F; Sawyer, Frederick
Keywords government, legislation, Coolie, shipping, journey conditions, health and sickness, medical staff, surgeon, agent, labourer, labour, disease, immigration, settlement, colony, transport, finance, death, plantation, food, salt, employment, exploitation, wages, violence, riots, medicine, injury, marriage, rations, poison, flogging, sailor, cargo, philanthropy, measles, dysentery
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 1
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1895 and January to March 1896. Volume 3. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK