The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 3. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Date 13 Jul 1892 - 8 Jan 1894
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/188
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Dispatches covering the transportation of indentured Indian labourers to and from the West Indies, including British Guiana, Trinidad, Jamaica and St Lucia. Correspondence relates to facilities and supplies on board ships, Indian savings and surgeon superintendent reports. Also includes miscellaneous correspondence on encouraging Swiss emigration to Canada and emigration from Sri Lanka to German East Africa.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Motives for Emigration; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations
Country (from) India; Sri Lanka; Great Britain; Switzerland
Country (to) Mauritius; Trinidad; British Guiana; Jamaica; St Lucia; Fiji; Canada
Places Cape Town, South Africa; Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Calcutta, India
Nationality Sinhalese; Indian; Swiss
Ships Lena; Jumna; Sheila; Moy; Emo; Hereford; SS Bolivia; SS Sandia; Avon; Avoca; Elbe; British Peer; Volga; Pergola; Congella
People Viscount Goderich (Robinson, Frederick John); Nourse, James; Tennant, Sir Charles
Keywords shipping, travel, colony, government, quarantine, Coolie, medicine, medical staff, surgeon, food, animals, scabies, disease, health and sickness, children, education, cargo, salt, labourer, reverse migration, marriage, polygamy, hospital, death, suicide
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and British Guiana Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 2. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: West Indies and Miscellaneous Offices and Companies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK