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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and British Guiana Despatches
Date 21 Nov 1892 - 25 Jan 1894
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/186
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches predominantly from British Guiana on the movement of indentured Indian and Chinese labourers. Contains immigration reports, ship arrivals, crime perpetrated by Indian immigrants and the administration of tenders and government immigration positions. Includes an emigration scheme to Brazil and the movement of Chinese labourers to German New Guinea.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) India; China
Country (to) United States of America; Brazil; British Guiana; Mauritius; Papua New Guinea; Singapore; Malaysia
Places Travancore, India; Hoi How, Macao, China; Muntok, Indonesia; Hawaii, United States; Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Hong Kong, China; Calcutta, India
Nationality Indian; Chinese; Sinhalese
Ships Moy; Jumna; British Peer; Brenda; Grecian; Avon; Elbe; Jura; Lena
People Bhose, Rev E B; Alexander, A H; O'Connor, O L
Keywords government, legislation, Coolie, shipping, journey conditions, health and sickness, medical staff, surgeon, agent, labourer, labour, disease, immigration, settlement, colony, transport, finance, crime, accommodation, death, plantation, poison, births, hospital, execution, murder
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 2. Correspondence – Secretary of State. Despatches: West Indies and Miscellaneous Offices and Companies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1893. Volume 3. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
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