The full content of this document is only available to subscribing institutions. More information can be found via

Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 4. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Date 14 Jan 1889 - 15 Jan 1890
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript; Report
Reference CO 384/175
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Despatches on the supply of labour to the West Indies, the pensions of soldiers wishing to emigrate to British colonies and correspondence with various colonial agents and officials over illness, pensions, salaries and appointments.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Remigration
Country (from) India; Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; Australia; British Guiana; Trinidad; South Africa; Jamaica; Fiji; Mauritius; Bahamas; Cape of Good Hope; Barbados; New Zealand; British Honduras
Places British Columbia, Newfoundland, Manitoba, Canada; Queensland, Sydney, New South Wales, Victoria, Western Australia, South Australia, Tasmania, Australia
Ports Madras, India; Natal, South Africa
Nationality Indian
Ships Jura; Rhine; British Peer; Herefore; Moy; Jumna
People Nourse, James; Mitchell, Charles; Laing, Dr; Begg, Alexander
Keywords legislation, government, Coolie, finance, remigration, wages, labour, labourer, medical staff, agent, surgeon, marriage, hospital, plantation, execution, murder, health and sickness, death, crofter, postal service, soldier, pension, disability, shipping
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1889. Volume 1. Despatches (Except British Guiana and Trinidad)
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 2. Despatches British Guiana and Trinidad
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1889. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK