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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 2. Despatches: West Indies
Date 3 Jan 1888 - 31 Dec 1888
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/169
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Includes despatches relating particularly to British Guiana, Jamaica, Trinidad and the Windward Islands. There are several reports on immigration for the year 1887, surgeons reports of ships transporting Indian labourers and a correspondence discussing the possibility of Indians, who had previously been indentured labourers and returned to India, coming back to the West Indies to settle as immigrants. There are also several reports on the capital punishments of labourers, often for murder.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) India
Country (to) India; British Guiana; French Guiana; Dutch Guiana; Jamaica; Trinidad; Barbados; St Vincent; St Lucia; Grenada
Places Demerara, British Guiana
Ports Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana; Calcutta, India
Nationality Indian; Dutch; French; English
Ships Foyle; Allanshaw; Ganges; British Peer; Main; Sheila; Hereford; Brenda; Jura; May; Rhine
People Gordon, A H W; Forster, N W; Stewart, A C; Hastings, Commander; Irving, Sir Henry; Alexander, A H; Clarkson, James Booth; Wallbridge, Dr J S; Holland, Sir Henry T; Wingfield, Edward; Ferry, Commander John; Holman, W; Robinson, Captain G; Ireland, John S; Lord Knutsford (Holland, Lord Henry Thurstan); Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Shaw, F C; Cecil, Dr Henry; Stewart, G; Perkins, John; Robinson, William
Keywords Coolie, death, indentured labourer, labour, agriculture, medicine, health, sickness, execution, murder, accounts, finance, report, remigration, quarantine, commutation, education, children, child migration, retirement, emigration agent, salary, sentence, crime, violence, government, parliament, legislation, plantation, medical officer, surgeon superintendent, passenger list, epidemic, measles, hospital, dysentery, diarrhoea, magistrate, law, ventilation, technology, conjunctivitis, provisions, supplies, birth, ophthalmia, fever, emigration, religion, small pox, Crown Agent
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1888. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 3. Offices, Companies and Agents (Except Agents in India)
Emigration and Coolie Immigration, 1888. Volume 4. Agents in India, Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK