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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 4. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Date 6 Jan-20 Dec 1886
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/162
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of documents relating to the Foreign Office, India Office, Crown Agents as well as other Miscellaneous Offices such as the Treasury, Board of Trade and Stationary Office. Several documents relate to the establishment of the Emigration Information Office, the main aim of which was to disseminate information to those who were inclined to emigrate. It was distinct from state-aided emigration. There are also several documents relating to child migration and emigration between colonies, such as Canada and the United States and remigration, such as the return of Indian labourers from Trinidad to India.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations; Remigration
Country (from) Canada; Trinidad; India; Portugal; Japan
Country (to) United States of America; India; Brazil; Fiji; British Guiana; Surinam; Argentina; South Africa; New Zealand
Places Washington, Washington, D.C., Hawaii, United States; Beijing, China; Tokyo, Japan; Rio de Janeiro, Bahia, Brazil; Chennai, Bengal, Darjeeling, India; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; New South Wales, West Australia, Tasmania, Australia; New Zealand
Ports Port of Spain, Trinidad; Hong Kong, China; London, Liverpool, England
Nationality Chinese; Japanese; Portuguese; Indian; English; Irish; Scottish; Maltese; Italian; Austrian
Ships Mairi Bahn; Boyne; City of Cambridge; Allanshaw
People Clarkson, Dr J Booth; Currie P W; Stevens, George Alexander; Marquis of Salisbury (Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert); Colonel Stanley; McIntyre, Duncan; Earl of Rosebery (Primrose, Archibald Philip); Earl Granville (Leveson-Gower, Granville George); Stanhope, Edward; Cross, Viscount Cross (Cross, Sir Richard Assheton); Bayley, C S; Richards, Reverend H; Gorst, Sir John; Lord Sandon (Ryder, Dudley); Herbert, Sir Robert G W; Hamilton, E W; Nourse, James
Keywords law, marriage, death, coolie, labourer, complaints, indentured labour, finance, medical services, audit, crime, surgeon, report, murder, compensation, audit, property, treasury, accounts, supplies, provisions, health, sickness, trade, agriculture, education, child migration, assisted emigration, women, violence, salary, government, parliament, religion, hospital, Emigration Information Bureau, Thomas Cook & Son, loans, correspondence, museum, apothecary, bronchitis, cholera, supplies, provision
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian, West Indian (Except British Guiana), and Miscellaneous Colonies
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1886. Volume 3. Despatches: British Guiana
Emigration, 1886, Volume 5. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK