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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 5. Offices, Companies and Crown Agents
Date 8 Jan 1884 - 2 Feb 1885
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/152
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence into various government offices from colonial staff and private companies. These letters largely regard the movement of indentured labourers around the Colonies, with particular emphasis on the remigration Indian workers and the introduction of Chinese workers into the labour market. This document also covers subjects such as the emigration of the Irish to Canada, the appointments, wages and pensions of colonial staff, and the journey condition on board migrants ships. This document also contains many printed letters.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Remigration; Journey Conditions
Country (from) Ireland; Mauritius; St Lucia; Trinidad; British Guiana; Fiji; India; China; Spain; Grenada; St Vincent; Barbados; Réunion
Country (to) Malaysia; Indonesia; Singapore; South Africa; Australia; Paraguay; Canada; Madeira; Sri Lanka; Panama;
Places Queensland, West Australia, Australia; Tenerife, Spain; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Toronto, Ottawa, Ontario, Manitoba, Canada; Demerara, British Guiana; Simla, Darjeeling, India; San Fernando, Trinidad; Glasgow, Scotland; Penang, Malaysia
Ports Natal, South Africa; Hong Kong, China; Calcutta, Madras, India
Nationality Indian; Irish; Chinese; Spanish; English
Ships Brenda; Bracadaile; Hesperides; Syria; Howrah; Bruce; Main; Poonah; Peshwa; Sheila; Hereford; Sohpia Joakim; Newcastle; Merchantman; North; Foyle; Bothwell Castle; Prinz Alexander; Nagpore; Ellora; Tulear; Calcutta; Dana Letchimy; Acacia; Jules et Maria; Russell; Royal Irish; Glen Caladh; Harmonie; Don Jacinto; Speedwell; Vestal; Amizade; Esperance; Flor de Dieu; Sullamuttz; Julian; Futte Islam; Africana; Gylding; Gulianar; Flor de Mar
People Wingfield, Edward; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward); Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Ashley, Evelyn; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Ommanney, Sir Montagu Frederick
Keywords accounts, audit, ventilation, journey conditions, Indian Emigration Bill, Indian Immigration Bill, quarantine, adultery, emigration scheme, female emigration, shipwreck, assisted emigration, paupers, destitution, land grant, Irish emigration, legislation, labour, sugar, plantation, death, health, sickness, cholera, epidemic, Lascar, Tyser & Co., Hosea Festival, religion, riot, Anti-Slavery Society
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 1. Eastern and Australian Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 2. British Guiana and Trinidad Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 3. Jamaica and Windward Islands Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 4. Correspondence, Original, Secretary of State. Despatches: Leeward Islands and Miscellaneous. Foreign Office
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1884. Volume 6. Agents (Except Crown Agents), Individuals and Surgeons
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK