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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 5. Agents, Individuals and Surgeons
Date 1879 Jan-24 Jan 1880
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/126
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence between the British Government and emigration and immigration agents in the Colonies, as well as surgeons on board ships and individuals. Much of the material consists of reports, returns and requests for free or assisted passage, and general administration such as staff appointments, funding and legislation, and there is also material regarding the health and welfare of indentured workers travelling between the Colonies.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Politics, Legislation and Governance; Journey Conditions; Remigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Fiji; British Guiana; India; Trinidad; St Helena; Jamaica; St Vincent; Australia; New Zealand; Ireland; South Africa; Guadalupe; Surinam; Brazil; Argentina; Grenada; Malaysia; Singapore; United States of America
Country (to) Fiji; British Guiana; India; Trinidad; St Helena; Jamaica; St Vincent; Australia; New Zealand; Ireland; South Africa; Guadalupe; Surinam; Brazil; Argentina; Grenada; Malaysia; Singapore; United States of America
Places Demerara; British Guiana; Cape of Good Hope, Durban, South Africa; Pernambuco, Bahia, Brazil; Wellington, New Zealand; Bengal, Darjeeling, India; Kittoland, Argentina; Yanuca Lailai, Fiji;
Ports Calcutta, Madras, India; Southampton, London, Liverpool, England; Natal, South Africa; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality English; Irish; Welsh; Indian; Scottish; Polynesian; Chinese; Dutch; African; German; Argentinian
Ships Leonidas; Lightning; Sheila; Silhet; Artist; Jura; Brenda; Ailsa; Plassy; Chalgrove; Paiko; Nubian; Dublin Castle; Lapland; Asiatic; Durban; African; Conway Castle; Nyanza; Anglian; Balmoral Castle; German; Goa; Neva; Aratoon Apcar; Hastings; Lenobua; Bann; Newcastle; Poonah; Malabar; Cheetah; Orient; Pandora; Lassa; Ellora; North; Suffolk; Blue Jacket; Hamilla Mitchell; White Eagle; Queen of the East; Gipsy Bride; Gitana; Ganges; Clarence; Wellesley; Enmore; Rohilla; St Kilda; Aldergrove; Fyzabad; Cawnpore; Buxar; Benares; Banda; Dinapore; Allahabad; Ghazeepore; Arrah; Monghyr; Bankipore; Azimgurh; Goruckpore; Mirzapore; Eliza Stewart; Eliza; Clarendon; Bucephalus; Shand; Scindian; Arabia; Eveline; Morayshire; Brechin Castle; British Trident; Arima; Atalanta; Harkaway; Royal Mail Steamer; Jumna; Howrah
People Lord Cadogan (Cadogan, George Henry); Earl St Aldwyn (Hicks Beach, Sir Michael); Marquis of Salisbury (Gascoyne-Cecil, Robert); Crosby, James
Keywords surgeon, Coolie, health, illness, hospital, journey conditions, rations, compounders, nominated system, provisions, sugar, labour, labourers, free passage, assisted passage, cholera, wages, female Thiers' Automatic Ventilator, cotton, Lascar
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 1. Eastern, Australian and Miscellaneous Despatches
Emigration (including Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 2. British Guiana and Jamaica Despatches
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 3. Despatches: Trinidad, Windward and Leeward Islands
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1879. Volume 4. Offices (except Agents) and Companies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK