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Title Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 2. Despatches: British Guiana
Date 9 Mar 1873 - 28 Jan 1875
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/103
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Despatches related to the immigration of labourers from China and India. Includes immigration returns and reports from immigration agents and ship surgeons, containing information relating to disease, crime and mortality rate on emigrant ships. Also includes lists of occupations of immigrants, diseases, deaths, murders and plantations.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Religion, Ethnic Identity and Community Relations
Country (from) Great Britain; China; India; Africa; Portugal; Barbados
Country (to) British Guiana; St Lucia
Places Demerara, Essequibo, Berbice, British Guiana; Calcutta, Madras, India; St Helena; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Natal, South Africa; Georgetown, Demerara, British Guiana
Nationality Indian; Chinese; African; Portuguese
Ships Ailsa; Golden Fleece; Hereford; Buckinghamshire; Sir Henry Lawrence; Pandora; Hyderbad; Dinapore; Corona; Surrey; Gainsborough; Rohilla; Atalanta; India; Artist; Clyde; Nova; Enmore; Forfarshire; Sophia Frakim; Bombay; St Kilda; Clarence; Mofussilite; Survey; Sussex; North; Trevelyan; Oasis; Jason; Orient; Ganges; Adamant; Harkaway; Winchester; Himalaya; Syria; Bengal; Salamanca; Michael Angelo; Far East; Medea; Arima; Howrah; Walmer Castle; Sir Robert Sale; China; Derbyshire; Olive; British Monarch; Colombo; Philosopher; Wellesley; Dover Castle; Ancot; Poonah; Kate Kellock; Persian Empire; Soukan
People Herbert, Robert G W; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Lord Carnarvon (Herbert, Henry Howard Molyneux); Longden, Sir James Robert; Ommanney, Sir Montagu Frederick
Keywords death, surgeon, disease, mortality rate, emigration agent report, Coolies, murder, crime, hospital, wages, labour, labourer, passenger, dysentery, fever, rationing, indentured labour, prison
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume I. Dispatches: Windward Islands, Leeward Islands, Trinidad, Jamaica
Emigration (and Coolie Immigration), 1874. Volume 3. Offices and Individuals
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK