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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 1. Agent-General Elliot
Date 22 Apr 1837 - 1 Jan 1838
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/42
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of letters and reports relating to Agent-General Elliot. This includes letters relating to assisted emigration from Great Britain to Canada, the United States and Australia in 1837 as well as reports from Elliot on the efficacy of migration, financial accounts and estimated costs.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) United States of America; Australia; Canada
Places Gloucestershire, England; New York, New York, United States; New South Wales, Australia
Ports Bristol, Portsmouth, London, England; Glasgow, Greenock, Dundee, Scotland; Londonderry, Cork, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Edward; John Barry; Adam Lodge; Layton; Brilliant
People A'Court, Charles Ashe; Bourke, Major General Sir Richard
Keywords emigration agent report, finance, parliament, government, emigration application, employment, weavers, agriculture, labour, religion, assisted migration, law, insurance, London Emigration Committee, health, trade, child migration, education, provisions
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 2. Emigration Agents and Offices
Emigration. North America and Australia, 1837. Volume 3. Individuals A to Z
Printed Documents in this Volume Information on Emigrating to New South Wales or Van Diemen's Land
Prices and Wages in New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK