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Title Emigration. North America and Australia, 1830 and 1831. Volume 2. Miscellaneous Individuals
Date 22 Jun 1829; 5 Mar 1830 - 31 Dec 1831
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/28
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Letters of application from prospective settlers and reports on the cost of emigration. Includes a letter suggesting a scheme for convicts to build refuge settlements around Australia due to shipwrecks.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada; Australia; Mauritius; Madagascar; Indonesia
Places Belfast, Northern Ireland; Bath, Liverpool, London, England; Illinois, United States; Guernsey; Tasmania, Sydney, New South Wales, South Australia, Australia; Passage West, Dublin, Ireland; Quebec, New Brunswick, Canada; Calcutta, India; Java, Sumatra, Indonesia; Isle of Man
Ports New York, United States
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Euphrosyne; General Hewitt; Acadia
People Viscount Goderich (Robinson, Frederick John); Murray, Sir George; Earl Grey (Grey, Charles)
Keywords Royal Navy, children, emigration, assisted emigration, government, colony, land grant, soldier, sailor, agriculture, family, poverty, labourer, pensions, farming, petition, women, trade, shipping, Catholicism, tax, alcohol, food, exploitation, pirate, press, transportation, convict, finance, shipwreck
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English; French
Document(s) linked to Emigration. North America and Australia, 1830 and 1831. Volume 1. Commissioners and Public Offices
Printed Documents in this Volume Letter Addressed to Colonel A'Court by A. C. Buchanan, His Majesty's Resident Agent for the Superintendence of Settlers and Emigrants in the Canada's
Proposal for a Society to be Formed to Deal With Female Emigration to the Convict Colonies
Questions Submitted to A. C. Buchanan, Esq. His Majesty's Resident Agent for Settlers in the Canadas, at Quebec, on Behalf of Certain Large Landed Proprietors in Ireland, Respecting the Removal to These Provinces of a Portion of Their Poor Tenantry, with the Answers Following
"City of the Falls"
Account of Texas
Articles of Agreement
Society For the Permanent Support of Orphan and Destitute Children, by Means of Apprenticeship in the Colonies
New Colony. South Australian Land Company Prospectus
Petitions of William Parker
Prospectus of the Rio Tinto Commercial and Agricultural Company
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK