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Title Emigration. North America, 1843. Commissioners, Public Offices and A to Z
Date 20 Nov 1842 - 23 Dec 1843; 2 Apr 1844
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/74
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various government offices concerning emigration from the United Kingdom, mainly to Canada. Includes letters of application for passage, petitions for land from ex-servicemen and civilians, application rejections and enquiries about land prices and availability. Also includes a printed report from agents in Canada listing ports, emigration numbers, ships, occupations and passenger deaths, and a general report of colonial lands and commissioners.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; India; Africa; St Helena; China
Country (to) Canada; Australia; Mauritius; South Africa; Falkland Islands; St Helena; Heligoland; New Zealand; Sri Lanka; British Guiana; Trinidad; Bahamas; Jamaica; Tobago; Honduras
Places Ottawa, Bathurst, Bytown, Prince Edward's Islands, Quebec, Toronto, Montreal, St Lawrence, Newfoundland, Canada; Boston, Massachusetts, Texas, United States; Buenos Aires, Argentina; Perth, Renfrewshire, Edinburgh, Paisley, Scotland; Sydney, New South Wales, Tasmania, West Australia, South Australia, Australia; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa
Ports Bristol, London, Liverpool, Plymouth, Scarborough, Southampton, Newcastle, Hull, Yarmouth, England; Aberystwyth, Newport, Swansea, Wales; Galway, Belfast, Cork, Dublin, Limerick, Londonderry, Sligo, Tralee, Westport, Waterford, Ireland; Aberdeen, Dundee, Glasgow, Greenock, Scotland; New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Port Hope, Port Essington, Canada; Port Philip, Australia; Hong Kong, China
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Amazon; Ann; Anne; Apolline; Apollo; Arab; Arabian; Baltic; Barbados; Belle; Blonde; Bona Dea; Brilliant; Burrell; California; Chieftain; Clyde; Coolock; Corinthian; Dauntless; Ditto; Dromahair; Dublin; Duchess of Argyle; Eleutheria; Favorite; Fergus; Florence; Gazelle; George; Governor; Hamilton; Hannah; Henry; Huron; Independence; Industry; James Reddin; Jane Black; Jane Daffers; Jane Duffis; Jane Gifford; King William; Lady of the Lake; Letitia Hope; Liverpool; Margaret; Marquis of Normandy; Mary Campbell; Meapia; Medina; Nero; New Brunswick; Oberon; Orleana; Pearl; Perseverance; Resource; Robert Morrow; Robinson; Romulus; Roseberry; Royal Adelaide; Royalist; Simon Taylor; Sir Charles Napier; Sir G. Prevost; Sir J. Falstaff; Sisters; Spermaceti; St. Ann; Standard; Success; Tay; Thetis; Thomas Naylor; Toronto; Victoria; Victory; Warrior; Westminster
People Stephen, James; Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Stanley, Sir Edward; Somerset, James Henry; Baron Metcalfe (Metcalfe, Sir Charles); Villiers, Sir Edward; Elliot, Thomas Frederick
Keywords British-America Association, Passengers' Act, emigration society, land price, land grant, land sale, military, agent, assisted crown lands
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English; Latin
Printed Documents in this Volume Justice of Peace Court, Dundee Courier
North America. Copy of a Letter from H. U. Addington, Esq. to J. Stephen, Esq
A Letter to the Right Honourable Lord Stanley, Her Majesty's Principle Secretary of State for the Colonies
British-American Association for Emigration and Colonization
British-American Association for Emigration and Colonization
The Memorial of the Lord Provost, Magistrates, and Town Council of the City of Edinburgh
Unemployed Tradesmen and Labourers
Representation to Her Majesty's Government from the London Highland Destitution Relief Committee
Important to Emigrants
General Report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK