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Title Emigration, North America, 1842. Commissioners, Public Offices and A to Z
Author Villiers, Sir Edward
Date 21 Jan-26 Dec 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/69
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Correspondence From the Colonial Land and Emigration Office and other government offices discussing pamphlets for emigrants, infringement of the Passengers' Act by shipping companies and general information on Canadian and American immigration. Also includes emigration petitions from individuals and societies, including those from Ireland and Scotland.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Politics, Legislation and Governance; Motives for Emigration
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places Quebec, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Glasgow, Scotland; Galway, Ireland; Manchester, England
Ports Liverpool, England; New York City, United States
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Borneo; Thompson; Foremor; Rose Bank; Louis; Oberon; Lively; Robert Alexander Park; Dumfriesshire; Meanwell; Bachelor; Nelson; Huron; Sterling; Josepha; Sophia; Wanderer; Astrea; Andrew White; Bruce; Mersey; Normandie; Counties of Arran; Watt
People Villiers, Sir Edward; Canning, George; Stephen, James; Earl of Derby (Smith-Stanley, Sir Edward)
Keywords emigration, family, soldier, Royal Navy, army, military, passenger, land grant, petition, farming, agriculture, transport, women, children, Napoleonic War, Chelsea Hospital, labourer, poverty, religion, Presbyterianism, shipwreck, propaganda, starvation
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume Extract from the New York Sun
Memorial Submitted to Her Majesty's Government, by a Committee, Appointed at a Meeting of Ministers, Elders, and Others, Members of The Church of Scotland, Held at Edinburgh, 12th August, 1840
Passengers Who Arrived it the United States, 1840
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK