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Title Emigration. General Miscellaneous, 1842. Commissioners, Public Offcies and A to Z
Date 15 Jan-31 Dec 1842
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/73
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Miscellaneous correspondence from public offices, much of which relates to changes to the Passengers' Act, which deals with improving the welfare and provision for passengers emigrating from Great Britain to the Colonies. Also contains notes on annual emigration numbers and returns and proposed emigration numbers, general conditions on board emigration ships and requests for expenditure.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Journey Conditions; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany
Country (to) Australia; Brazil; Canada; Jamaica; Mauritius; New Zealand; Jamaica; Bahamas
Places Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Gravesend, England; New Brunswick, Montreal, Quebec, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; New South Wales, Australia; Dundee, Paisley, Scotland
Ports Sligo, Cork, Ireland; Liverpool, London, England; Port Phillip, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Nationality English
People Villiers, Sir Edward; Birch, John William; Stanley, Sir Edward; Stephen, James; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick
Keywords Passengers' Act, colony, Royal Navy, army, journey conditions, land agent, land grant, legislation, Australian Packet Ships, government
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume A Return of the Number of Persons Who Have Emigrated From the United Kingdom During the Year Ended 5 January 1842
General Order
Notice for the Information of Parties Desirous of Purchasing Land in the Australian Colonies
General Report of the Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners
Information for the Use of Military and Naval Officers Purposing to Settle in the British Colonies
Regular Packets for Canada and New Brunswick and Extracts from Parliamentary Papers
Provisions According to the Following Scale, Will be Issued to Each Adult Steerage Passenger, Male and Female
Farewell Address of Mr. John Besnard, Jun. Australian Emigration Agent at Cork. To Emigrants, Embarking for New South Wales
Outlines of a New System of Emigration, on a Vast and Progressive Scale, Which May Enable the Poor to Obtain a Comfortable Establishment in the Country of Their Own Choice: With Remarks, Showing That Such a Measure is Necessary, to Improve the Colonies, to Relive Existing Distress at Home, and to Avert the Calamities That Result From an Excessive and Ever-Increasing Population
Letter on Emigration and Colonization: Addressed to the Hon. Lord Kelburn, M.P.
Copy of a Letter to the Right Hon. Lord Stanley on the Publication of a Report to His Lordship from the Commissioners of Colonial Lands and Emigration
British Produce and Manufacturers Exported From the United Kingdom in Each Year, From 1831 to 1840 Inclusive, Compared with Analogous Exports to the Australian Colonies
German Emigration to British Colonies
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK