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Title Emigration, General. Public Offices. Land Board, 1854, Volume 1
Date 29 Oct 1853 - 6 Feb 1855
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/92
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence of the Land Board regarding breaches of the Passengers' Act and details of individual's complaints, legal action and compensation, correspondence regarding general administration for the Colonial Office, and comparative emigration returns and emigration reports. Also includes a large amount of material on cholera in ports and on ships, hospitals, expenses incurred by cholera, and medical inspectors' reports.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland
Country (to) United States of America; Canada; Australia; New Zealand
Places Queenstown, New Zealand
Ports Bristol, Carlisle, London, Liverpool, Plymouth, Gloucester, Hull, Newcastle, Scarborough, Penzance, Southampton, Sunderland, England; Glasgow, Aberdeen, Dundee, Inverness, Scotland; Galway, Tralee, Westport, Wexford, Belfast, Dublin, Londonderry, Sligo, Limerick, Cork, Waterford, New Ross, Ireland; Aberystwyth, Cardiff, Newport, Wales
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships Sea Nymph; California; Conway; Ottawa; Eliza; City of Glasgow; City of Manchester; Jessie; Inconstant
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham); Walcott, Stephen; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Somerset, James Henry; Rogers, Frederick; Peel, Sir Frederick
Keywords cholera, disease, epidemic, health, journey conditions, death, mortality rate, Passengers' Act, emigration returns, fines, hospital, Cork Union Foundling Hospital, Poor Law
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration, General. Offices and Individuals, 1854, Volume 2
Printed Documents in this Volume To Emigrants. Cholera
Emigrant Vessels. Return to an Order of the Honourable the House of Commons, Dated 16 February 1852
– for, a Return "in the Annexed Form, Showing the Number of Vessels Which Have Sailed From Ports in the United Kingdom with Emigrants on Board, During the Last Five Years
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK