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Title Emigration (General), 1853. Miscellaneous Offices and Individuals, Volume 2
Date 14 Jan-28 Dec 1853
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/91
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Second volume of miscellaneous correspondence from various government offices in 1853. Includes material on fines and violations of the Passengers' Act, reports on the diseases and deaths of Chinese emigrants, figures on emigration into the United States, details of an emigration scheme from the Friendly Societies Institute, and correspondence regarding general administration for the Colonial Office. Also includes a quarterly return of births, deaths and marriages in England.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Journey Conditions; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Canada; China; Spain; Ireland; Guadeloupe; Brazil; Denmark; Germany; Greece; Haiti; Holland; Norway; Sweden; Switzerland; Austria; France; Italy; Portugal; Sicily; St Helena; Poland; Gibraltar; Turkey; Hungary; Mexico; Cuba; Bahamas; Barbados; Belgium; Sardinia; Martinique
Country (to) United States of America; Australia; Canada; New Zealand
Places Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York City, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Texas, Washington, United States; Queenstown, New Zealand; Azores, Portugal
Ports London, Liverpool, Southampton, England; Philadelphia, New York City, United States; Cork, Londonderry, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; Canadian; Chinese; Spanish; Brazilian; Danish; German; Greek; Dutch; Norwegian; Swedish; Swiss; Austrian; French; Italian; Portuguese; Sicilian; Polish; Turkish; Hungarian; Mexican; Cuban; Belgian; Sardinian; Azorean; Haitian; Saint Helenian; Gibraltarian; Bahamian; Barbadian; Martinican; West Indian
Ships Nepal; City of Manchester; City of Philadelphia; City of Glasgow; Stag; Harmonia; Annie Jane; HMS Endymion
People Trevelyan, Sir Charles Edward; Merrivale, Herman; Elliot, Thomas Frederick; Earl of Clarendon (Villiers, George); Duke of Newcastle (Pelham-Clinton, Henry Pelham); Peel, Sir Frederick
Keywords death, disease, health and sickness, emigration societies, cholera, Friendly Societies Institution, Liverpool & Philadelphia Steam-Ship Company, expenses, shipwreck, Passengers' Act, journey conditions, fines, provisions
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Emigration (General), 1853. Public Offices, Colonial Land and Emigration Commissioners, Volume 1
Printed Documents in this Volume Passengers Arriving in the United States. Letter From the Secretary of State, Transmitting Tabular Statements Showing the Number, etc. of Passengers Who Arrived in the United States During the Last Year
Colonial Land and Emigration Office
Friendly Societies' Institute. Prospectus
Benefit Emigration and Colonization Societies
Quarterly Return of the Marriages, Births, and Deaths Registered in the Divisions, Counties, and Districts of England
Liverpool and Philadelphia Steam-ship Company Passengers' Contract Ticket and Advertisement
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK