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Title Emigration, 1872. Public Offices, Miscellaneous Offices and A to Z
Date 4 Jan 1872 - 6 Jan 1873
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/100
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description Correspondence from various public offices, including material relating to the price and sale of land in the British Colonies, annual and quarterly returns of emigration, occupations of emigrants, amendments to and violations of the Merchant Shipping Act and Passengers' Act, the appointment of and provisions for emigration commissioners and officers, and a report on alleged crimes on board passenger ships. Also includes a large amount of correspondence regarding the Welsh settlement in Patagonia.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Departures: Port Conditions and Organisation; Arrivals: Ports and Early Experiences
Country (from) Great Britain; Ireland; Germany
Country (to) Australia; Argentina; Canada; United States of America; New Zealand; South Africa; Falkland Islands; Peru
Places Queensland, Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, West Australia, Tasmania, Australia; Hamburg, Germany; Buenos Aires, Chupat, Patagonia, Argentina; Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, Manitoba, Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, British Colombia, Nova Scotia, Canada; Cape of Good Hope, South Africa; Auckland, Wellington, Marlborough, New Zealand; Bala, Wales
Ports Liverpool, London, Plymouth, Southampton, England; Glasgow, Greenock, Scotland; Belfast, Cork, Galway, Limerick, Londonderry, Ireland
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish; German; Welsh; Argentinian; Danish; Scandinavian
Ships Golden Fleece
People Walcott, Stephen; Murdoch, Thomas William Clinton; Merrivale, Herman; Herbert, Sir Robert George Wyndham; Lord Kimberley (Wodehouse, John); Law, William
Keywords Merchant Shipping Act, colony, Emigration Board, land price, land sale, skilled migration, coffee, commissioner, emigrant, journey conditions, mining
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume Draft of a Bill to Amend the Merchant Shipping Acts and the Passengers Acts
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK