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Title Emigration. 1837. Miscellaneous Offices and Individuals
Date 6 Jan-30 Dec 1837
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/45
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence.
Description A collection of correspondence relating to emigration and assisted emigration from Great Britain to Australia and the United States. Includes documents listing the number of emigrants from all Great British ports, applicants' letters for the position of surgeon on various emigrant ships, information relating to convict ships bound for America and various printed documents.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Permanent Settlement and Successive Generations
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) United States of America; Australia
Places Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; Edinburgh, Scotland; New York, United States; Tasmania, Australia
Ports London, Beauman's, Berwick, Bideford, Bristol, Clay, Exeter, Falmouth, Hull, Ipswich, Liverpool, Lynn, Millford, Newcastle, Padstow, Plymouth, Poole, Portsmouth, Rye, Sunderland, Whitby, Whitehaven, Yarmouth, England; Aberdeen, Campbeltown, Dumfries, Dundee, Glasgow, Greenock, Inverness, Irvine, Leith, Scotland; Wick, Belfast, Cork, Dublin, Galway, Limerick, Londonderry, Sligo, Waterford, Westport, Ireland; Cardiff, Wales
Nationality English; Irish; Scottish
Ships John Barry; Augusta Jessie; Bussorah Merchant; Arontes; Caledonia; Norfolk; William Glenn Anderson; Edward
People Lord Glenelg (Grant, Charles); Lord Minto (Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Gilbert); Elliot, Sir Thomas Frederick; Grey, Sir George
Keywords admiralty, provisions, complaints, navy, surgeon, child migration, family, politics, parliament, government, law, health, sickness, shipwreck, poor law, religion, petition, labourer, convict, military, pensions, Chelsea Hospital
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Printed Documents in this Volume A List of Stores Shipped on Board the Ship Strathfields Chartered for New South Wales
A List of Stores Shipped on Board the Ship Bussorah Merchant Chartered for Van Diemen's Land
A List of Stores Shipped on Board the Ship Layton Chartered for New South Wales
Emigration Circular
Extract of Instructions Given to Surgeons Proceeding to New South Wales or Van Diemen's Land in Charge of Emigrants, Showing the Nature of the Arrangements Under Which They are Sent Out
Scheme for Victualling for Female Emigrants of the Voyage from Cork to Australia
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK