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Title Canada and North America. Settlers, 1819. Volume 2. M to Z and Public Offices
Date 4 Jan-28 Dec 1819
Document Type Correspondence; Manuscript
Reference CO 384/5
Library / Archive The National Archives
Collection Name War and Colonial Department and Colonial Office: Emigration Original Correspondence
Description Letters of application from prospective settlers, including many applications from retired or discharged military personnel or agricultural workers.
Series Description This series contains correspondence relating to British settlement in North America and Australasia, and to Indian indentured labour in the West Indies. Until 1857 it consists of domestic letters alone. The series then ceases and is not resumed until 1872.
Biographical Note / History A Colonial Land and Emigration Commission was created in 1840 to undertake the duties of two earlier and overlapping authorities under the supervision of the secretary of state: the Colonisation Commissioners for South Australia and the Agent General for Emigration. In 1855 it became the Emigration Commission. The commission's powers were gradually given up to the larger colonies as they obtained self-government, and after 1873 it was responsible only for controlling the importation of Indian labour into sugar-producing colonies. It was abolished in 1878 and an Emigration Department was then set up in the Colonial Office. This department was merged with the General Department in 1894, and abolished altogether in 1896.
Theme(s) Motives for Emigration; Politics, Legislation and Governance
Country (from) Great Britain
Country (to) Canada; United States of America
Places Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Canada; Leith, Scotland
People Lord Bathurst (Bathurst, Lord Henry); Lord Sidmouth (Addington, Henry)
Keywords emigration, soldier, military, land grant, land, settlers, agriculture, labour, government, family, travel, finance, farming, children
Additional Information This volume includes searchable printed documents.
Language English
Document(s) linked to Canada and North America. Settlers, 1819. Volume 1. A to L
Printed Documents in this Volume Discharge Papers of Richard Smith
Copyright Crown Copyright documents © are reproduced by permission of The National Archives London, UK